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Rostock, N.. Zoning instruments for "Coastal and Marine Protected Areas of Multiple Use" - An Example in Southern Chile. In: Schwarzer, K., Schrottke, K., Stattegger, K. (eds.). From Brazil to Thailand - New Results in Coastal Research. Coastline Reports (16), pp. 35-43. EUCC - Die Küsten Union Deutschland e.V., Rostock, 2010.

Zusammenfassung: Chile is a threshold country whose economic development is primarily based on the exploitation of natural resources. Within that context, the fishery sector and its products play a major role. In the course of application for membership into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Chile has to commit to put 10 % of its total territory including its marine areas under protection. However, until today, a very small fraction of its territory has been reserved. The percentage of marine areas is extremely low compared to the percentage of terrestrial areas. In order to increase the percentage of marine areas, the instrument of “Coastal and Marine Protected Areas of Multiple Use” was established. The aim of this instrument is to combine resource protection, sustainable use, and economic development. However, previous implementation approaches regarding the declaration of these areas were not very successful. There exists not only a lack of financial means and of acceptance regarding the necessity of conservation and protection of natural resources, especially marine ones, but also a lack of scientific experience in this field. This paper examines the existing categories of zoning instruments in Chile and compares them to respective international categories. The result is a proposal of a re-categorisation of these instruments in order to provide policy makers in the Chilean government with a useful concept for future planning and implementation of “Coastal and Marine Protected Areas of Multiple Use”.
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