The Estela Golf Course is established along the North Western coast of Portugal in a Coastal Plain of about 3km long, characterized by sandy beaches with sand dunes. On Estela, the frontal dune has been shaped into a dune erosion cliff with tendency to be eroded furthermore inland.
This erosion, consequence of beach thinning caused by the decrease on the volume of sediments transported by the littoral drift, is being stopped throughout emergency dune restoration interventions.
This is a limited intervention made only to protect the golf course areas. The option for the coastal defence of Estela is “soft”, using geotextile sand-filled containers and sand ripping. Furthermore, the acquisition of adjacent fields and the re-location of the golf course to a more inland position are being considered.
Even so, this dunar system must be preserved, as it is the main protection against flooding of the inland fields – mainly agricultural areas with significant value.