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Peltonen, H., Varjopuro, R., Viitasalo, M.. Climate Change Impacts on the Baltic Sea Fish Stocks and Fisheries - Review with a focus on Central Baltic herring, sprat and cod. In: Krarup Leth, O., Dahl, K., Peltonen, H., Krämer, I., Kule, L. (eds.). Sectoral Impact Assessments for the Baltic Sea Region - Climate Change Impacts on Biodiversity, Fisheries, Coastal Infrastructure and Tourism. Coastline Reports (21), pp. 35-54. EUCC - The Coastal Union Germany, Rostock, 2013.


Climate change is likely to induce substantial changes in the Baltic Sea, as it is a species-poor ecosystem where virtually all species live close to their environmental tolerance range. The vitality of the fish stocks and viability of fisheries should be supported by consideration of global change in the management of environment (protection, sustainable use and restoration) and of fisheries. A shift away from sector-by-sector management towards the integrated management of land, water and living resources may be necessary to sustain the productivity of fish stocks. The climate change and other concomitant human pressures induce substantial uncertainties for the future, especially as responses of marine ecosystems to changes in temperatures and in other forcing factors may not be linear, but abrupt changes may occur, which also need to be considered in exploitation of fish resources.

PDF: CR_21_pp35-54.pdf (295.316 Bytes)
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